SWAp: Program is based on the principles of Sector Wide Approach (SWAp). The main objective of the project is to scale up the reforms in the Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector. This is a pioneer project in which SWAp principle is adopted.
Program Period: Five years (Nov 2006 to June 2012)
Sector to be Covered: Water supply & Source Conservation (80%), Sanitation (20%) and Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance.
RWSS Sector Performance in Uttarakhand: The Uttarakhand state, which bifurcated from Uttar Pradesh in November 2000 has a population of 8.48 million as per the 2001 census, of which 6.4 million (75 percent) live in the rural areas, spread over the 7,562 village-level local governments called the Gram Panchayats (GPs), in 16,623 villages and 39,967 habitations. According to the survey of drinking water–supply status in rural habitation initiated by Rajiv Gandhi Drinking Water Mission of GoI in 2003, only half of the habitations in the state were categorized as fully covered (FC) with functioning water supply schemes, 38 percent as partially covered (PC), and about 12 percent as not covered (NC). 75 to 80 percent of the rural population does not have access to sanitary latrines. Water-related diseases are a major health problem for the rural population, particularly for infants and children.
Water scarcity is another issue faced by the state. Data from existing water supply schemes indicate that nearly 30 percent of the schemes suffer from a decrease in the availability of water, especially during the summer months, because of depletion of water sources. This also causes some of the villagers to spend considerable amount of time collecting water for domestic use, averaging one to three hours per day; even more time is spent in hilly locations. The problem is aggravated by water supply systems which have outlived their design life, and inadequate O & M.
Present RWSS service delivery does not adequately serve the requirements of user communities as they are often located at sites without consideration of community needs or preference. Planning of RWSS services also takes place without due attention to resource availability or quality, and the schemes are rarely financially viable. The end result is a government-dominated and target-driven service that has become unsustainable.